What are Publications?

Publications are the published work of researchers. It is the published results of researchers who have gained new knowledge in their discipline through the use of scientific theories and methods.

Researchers like Epicentre go into the field (community areas) and collect physical and intellectual information. This can be done through the use of surveys, questionnaires, blood tests, etc. This information is then stored and analysed either by researchers like Epicentre or by a second set of research partners.

This information or data is then analysed and examined against scientific questions and/or scientific theories. The researcher’s analysis of this data is then used to explain and interpret researchers questions.

The way that researchers present and explain how they reached a particular answer to their questions, is through the use of research publications.

These research publications, are then looked at by other independent scientists who question and discuss the way they answered their questions. This is called being ‘peer reviewed’, and it helps to make sure that researchers are not being ‘biased’ or unscientific. This is why sometimes researchers take back their publications, as sometimes the answers scientists come too may be too emotional or just badly researched.

Research publications often have a set formula that they follow:

  • They will have a brief overview in the beginning known as an ‘abstract’.
  • They will then introduce the research under the introduction. Under this heading they will explain where, why, and how the research took place.
  • Under the literature review researchers will look at other similar publications and use other scientists’ work to help explain their question.
  • The methodology or ‘research design’ section is where researchers explain exactly how they gathered their data and analysed their results.
  • There will then be a discussion of their findings, where different interpretations of the research results are looked at and considered. Under this section the use of graphs and tables are often used to make research results easier to follow.
  • Finally, the research paper often contains a conclusion, where the researcher gives their final opinion on what they think the answer to the research question truly is.

If you are looking for a brief understanding of any research publication, my advice is to look at the abstract and the conclusion. This will give you a reasonable understanding of any well presented publication.

Our 2020 Publications

01 January 2020

Impact of HIV testing and treatment services on risky sexual behaviour in the uMgungundlovu District, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

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01 January 2020

Trends in HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Incidence in a Hyperendemic Area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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31 January 2020

DREAMS Protocol: Evaluating HIV prevention programmes targeting young women and girls in South Africa

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01 January 2020

Factors associated with HIV in younger and older adult men in South Africa: findings from a cross-sectional survey

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01 February 2020

E-Book HIPSS Combined HIV Incidence Surveillance Study 2014 to 2017

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20 March 2020

Summary Report: Evaluating the DREAMS programme in South Africa

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15 June 2020

Population Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in a high HIV burden district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Implications for HIV epidemic control

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Our 2019 Publications

09 March 2019

Coital frequency and condom use in age-disparate partnerships

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01 February 2019

The impact of home-based HIV testing services on 90-90-90 targets,SA

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08 February 2019

Age-disparate partnerships and HSV-2 among adolescent girls and young women, SA

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01 February 2019

Moderate-to-High Levels of Pretreatment HIV Drug Resistance, SA

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11 June 2019

Evaluation of the DREAMS Programme Initial Findings

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12 June 2019

Age disparate relationships & their associated HIV prevalence for AGYW

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12 June 2019

DREAMS Evaluation 2018 Cross sectional survey Technical information

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12 June 2019

The Dreams Evaluation 2018 Cross sectional survey Presentation

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12 June 2019

DREAMS Evaluation 2018: AGYW Lessons we learnt from men

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09 June 2019

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus: Findings from a population-based household survey in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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30 September 2019

Recently formed age-disparate partnerships are associated with elevated HIV-incidence among young women in South Africa

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Our 2018 Publications

01 June 2018

HIV Risk Among Young Women in Age-Disparate Partnerships, SA

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15 July 2018

Community-based HIV Prevalence in SA : Results of a Cross-sectional Household Survey

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01 June 2018

HIPSS an HIV Incidence Surveillance Survey baseline findings 2015

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Our 2017 Publications

18 April 2017

Misdiagnosis of HIV infection during a South African community-based survey

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01 November 2017

Progress of UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets in SA with high HIV burden district, in the HIPSS study, SA

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04 January 2017

Transmission networks and risk of HIV infection in South Africa

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Our 2015 Publications

01 December 2015

Rationale and design of a longitudinal study to monitor HIV prevalence and incidence , SA

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